The College of Physicians of Philadelphia Digital Library

Xanthoxylum fraxineum

About This Item

Title

Xanthoxylum fraxineum

Subject

Plants, Medicinal
Zanthoxylum
Book Illustrations

Description

Engraved by Annin and Smith from a drawing by Jacob Bigelow(?).
Colored engraving of Xanthoxylum fraxineum (Zanthoxylum americanum) or Prickly Ash (Figure 1) with "A barren branch in flower" (Figure 2), "Fertile branch in flower" (Figure 3), "Barren flower magnified " (Figure 4), "Stamen, do" (Figure 5), "Abortive germ of the barren flower, do" (Figure 6), "Fertile flower, do" (Figure 7), "Pistils of ditto, do" (Figure 8), "Perfect flower, do" (Figure 9), "Capsule, do. beginning to open" (Figure 10), and "Seed, do" (Figure 11).

Creator

Annin & Smith
Bigelow, Jacob, 1786-1879

Source

American Medical Botany was intended for the public and offered descriptions of each depicted plant’s botanical history, chemical analysis, and medical uses. It was the only book published in the United States prior to the introduction of chromolithography to have its plates mechanically printed in color. Bigelow initially planned to use hand colored copperplate engravings but, when this proved be too ambitious, turned to aquatint plates printed in colors à la poupée, with some finished by hand.

Publisher

Digitized by the Historical Medical Library of The College of Physicians of Philadelphia

Date

1817

Identifier

Qx_116.pl59

Original Format

1 print : engraving, color

Physical Dimensions

25 x 16 cm

Citation

Annin & Smith and Bigelow, Jacob, 1786-1879, “Xanthoxylum fraxineum,” The College of Physicians of Philadelphia Digital Library, accessed October 29, 2020, https://www.cppdigitallibrary.org/items/show/140.